How can I use explicit instruction to teach declarative knowledge?

Much of the teaching we do is of declarative knowledge: facts and ideas like what a giant ionic lattice is, or the parts of the EM spectrum or reflex arcs. Matt Perks has made many valuable contributions to CogSciSci and last year wrote a couple of really good blogs about common pitfalls teachers make when teaching material like this, as well as a really nicely modelled sequence of how to teach reflex arcs. Though he doesn’t use the phrase, Matt’s sequence is a great example of Explicit Instruction: the teacher-led process of gradually building complexity to help students grasp challenging and abstract content.

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